Wildlife control or nuisance wildlife management refers to the process of the selective or systematic removal of certain species of wildlife that has become destructive, menacing, or threat to human health. The most common nuisance wildlife include squirrels, rats, mice, pigeons, skunks, opossums, raccoons, and bats. These animals pose a threat to human health because they carry disease-causing ticks, lice, bacteria, and viruses. One of the best ways to eliminate or relocate them is to seek the help of a professional.
Just like humans and all animals, wildlife deserves a place on this planet. But since they are one of the most common carriers of diseases, they have to be removed to keep people safe. Here’s a list of nuisance animals that are potential carriers of zoonotic diseases when they invade homes:
The raccoon is a known carrier of rabies, raccoon roundworms, leptospirosis, and salmonella. Rabies is a deadly viral disease that attacks a person who is bitten by a rabid animal. Raccoon roundworms are parasitic worms that a person can get through accidental inhalation or ingestion of raccoon feces that contain parasite eggs. This can lead to larval migration to the central nervous system and it can cause damage to the eye and brain tissues.
Leptospirosis, on the other hand, is a bacterial disease that animals pass on to humans through contact with infected urine. People who suffer from leptospirosis experience fever, shivering, vomiting, dehydration, meningitis, renal failure, and kidney damage. Salmonella is a bacterium that can cause food poisoning. Humans can contract it by eating foods that are contaminated by infected animals.
2. Squirrel/ Gopher
Squirrels are not notorious carriers of zoonotic diseases, but they have the potential to infect humans because of their droppings which might carry leptospirosis and salmonella bacteria. Squirrels and Gophers are also known to destroy lawn landscaping by burrowing into the ground
Skunks are not known carriers of disease-causing organisms. They only become a nuisance when they intrude human dwellings. Their burrowing, feeding, and defense habits become a menace when they do it in basements, garages, and other places in people’s homes.
Rats became notorious when they brought bubonic plague that caused thousands of deaths in Europe in the middle ages. Other diseases that rats can transmit to humans include rat-bite fever, rickettsia, eosinophilic meningitis (an infection of the brain), leptospirosis, and salmonella-related illnesses.
The bird that has the highest potential to invade homes is pigeons. They are not known to carry and transmit zoonotic diseases but their droppings can become a host to a type of fungus that can cause histoplasmosis, a flu-like disease characterized by fever, chills, joint pains, chest pain, and mouth sores. This can happen when a person inhales the spores of the fungus that grow on pigeon droppings.
Bats may look harmless, but they are the most common transmitter of the rabies virus particularly in the North American continent. You should be cautious about them when they invade your home because they can bite. These are the most common wildlife that you need to be concerned about when they happen to invade your home. In the event any of the above-mentioned wildlife do become a nuisance to you, should contact Pestlink help you solve your problem.